Popov, Aleksandr Stepanovich

[br]
b. 16 March 1859 Bogoslavsky, Zamod, Ural District, Russia
d. 13 January 1906 St Petersburg, Russia
[br]
Russian physicist and electrical engineer acclaimed by the former Soviet Union as the inventor of radio.
[br]
Popov, the son of a village priest, received his early education in a seminary, but in 1877 he entered the University of St Petersburg to study mathematics. He graduated with distinction in 1883 and joined the faculty to teach mathematics and physics. Then, increasingly interested in electrical engineering, he became an instructor at the Russian Navy Torpedo School at Krondstadt, near St Petersburg, where he later became a professor. On 7 May 1895 he is said to have transmitted and received Morse code radio signals over a distance of 40 m (130 ft) in a demonstration given at St Petersburg University to the Russian Chemical Society, but in a paper published in January 1896 in the Journal of the Russian Physical and Chemical Society, he in fact described the use of a coherer for recording atmospheric disturbances such as lightning, together with the design of a modified coherer intended for reception at a distance of 5 km (3 miles). Subsequently, on 26 November 1897, after Marconi's own radio-transmission experiments had been publicized, he wrote a letter claiming priority for his discovery to the English-language journal Electrician, in the form of a translated précis of his original paper, but neither the original Russian paper nor the English précis made specific claims of either a receiver or a transmitter as such. However, by 1898 he had certainly developed some form of ship-to-shore radio for the Russian Navy. In 1945, long after the Russian revolution, the communist regime supported his claim to be the inventor of radio, but this is a matter for much debate and the priority of Marconi's claim is generally acknowledged outside the USSR.
[br]
Bibliography
1896, Journal of the Russian Physical and Chemical Society (his original paper in Russian).
1897, Electrician 40:235 (the English précis).
Further Reading
C.Susskind, 1962, "Popov and the beginnings of radio telegraphy", Proceedings of the Institute of Radio Engineers 50:2,036.
——1964, Marconi, Popov and the dawn of radiocommunication', Electronics and Power, London: Institution of Electrical Engineers, 10:76.
KF

Biographical history of technology. - Taylor & Francis e-Librar. . 2005.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Popov , Aleksandr Stepanovich — (1859–1906) Russian physicist and electrical engineer Popov, the son of a priest from Bogoslavsky in Russia, was educated in a seminary to prepare him for a clerical profession. His interest however turned to physics and mathematics, which he… …   Scientists

  • Aleksandr Stepánovich Popov — Aleksandr Popov (1859 1905). Aleksandr Stepánovich Popov (Александр Степанович Попов). Físico ruso. Nació el 4 de marzo de 1859 en Turínskiye Rudnikí, hoy Krasnoturinsk, en los Urales. Estudió en la Universidad de San Petersburgo. Fue el inventor …   Wikipedia Español

  • Popov, Aleksandr — ▪ Russian engineer in full  Aleksandr Stepanovich Popov   born March 4 [March 16, New Style], 1859, Turinskiye Rudniki [now Krasnoturinsk], Perm, Russia died Dec. 31, 1905, [Jan. 13, 1906], St. Petersburg  physicist and electrical engineer… …   Universalium

  • Aleksandr Popov — puede referirse a: Aleksandr Stepánovich Popov, físico ruso. Aleksandr Vladímirovich Popov, nadador ruso. Aleksandr Vladímirovich Popov, biatleta ruso. Esta página de desambiguación cataloga artículos relacionados con el mismo título. Si llegaste …   Wikipedia Español

  • Popov — /ˈpɒpɒf/ (say popof), /ˈpɒpɒv/ (say popov) noun 1. Alexander (Aleksandr), born 1971, Russian swimmer; gold medallist at the 1992, 1996 and 2000 Olympic Games. 2. Alexander Stepanovich /stɛˈpanəvɪtʃ/ (say ste pahnuhvich) (Aleksandr), 1859–1906,… …   Australian English dictionary

  • Alexander Stepanovich Popov — Infobox Celebrity name = Alexander Stepanovich Popov caption = birth date = March 4/16 1859 birth place = death date = December 31/January 13 1905/1906 death place = occupation = inventor and physicist salary = networth = spouse = website… …   Wikipedia

  • Alexander Popov (film) — See Alexander Popov for other uses of this name.Infobox Film name = Alexander Popov director = Gerbert Rappoport Viktor Eysymont producer = writer = Alexander Razumovsky starring = Nikolai Cherkasov Yefim Kopelyan Alexander Borisov Bruno… …   Wikipedia

  • Broadcasting — See also: INDEX BY SUBJECT AREA [br] Alexanderson, Ernst Frederik Werner Appleton, Sir Edward Victor Armstrong, Edwin Howard Baird, John Logie Blumlein, Alan Dower Branly, Edouard Eugène …   Biographical history of technology

  • Electronics and information technology — See also: INDEX BY SUBJECT AREA [br] Alexanderson, Ernst Frederik Werner Armstrong, Edwin Howard Babbage, Charles Baird, John Logie Bardeen, John Baudot, Jean Maurice Emile Berezin, Evelyn …   Biographical history of technology

  • Telecommunications — See also: INDEX BY SUBJECT AREA [br] Alexanderson, Ernst Frederik Werner Appleton, Sir Edward Victor Armstrong, Edwin Howard Ayrton, William Edward Bain, Alexander Bakewell, Frederick C …   Biographical history of technology

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.